Wilket Creek Rehabilitation Project

The purpose of the Wilket Creek Rehabilitation Project is to protect public infrastructure and mitigate erosion and flooding while enhancing Wilket Creek’s ecosystem. The project follows a long-term rehabilitation plan focused on enhancing channel stability and ecological integrity of the system in an economical and sustainable manner and in accordance with the Municipal Class Environmental Assessment process.

Project Map

Zoom in and click on the coloured lines on the map to see reaches, project sites and project details.

Learn More About the Project


Current News – Construction Works Commencing Winter 2017

Please be advised that Toronto and Region Conservation (TRCA), on behalf of the City of Toronto, is preparing to undertake creek rehabilitation work to protect public safety and municipal infrastructure against the hazards of stream erosion.

This next phase of work involves minor channel realignments to move the channel away from the valley wall, bank and bed stabilization, channel widening, sanitary sewer encasement, trail improvements and the installation of a permanent bridge to connect the upper playing fields with the ravine trail system below.

Construction will commence in winter of 2017 and is anticipated to take approximately one year to complete, with restoration following. During that time, project signs and alternative route mapping for pedestrian and cyclists will be displayed at all of the key access points to the park in an attempt to minimize disruption to trail commuters. Staff have looked at all options for continued trail access during construction, however it has been determined that the safest and most efficient approach is to close the trail in areas of active construction. Please be assured that closing the trail to the public is the best solution for completing this large-scale project in the quickest and most cost efficient manner. We understand and apologize for the inconvenience this will cause, it will be worth the wait!

Please use the map tool above to plan your recreation or commute around the construction activities located in Reach 2 (the bright green section within the park limits).


Master Plan

In accordance with the Environmental Assessment Act, the Wilket Creek Channel within Wilket Creek Park Rehabilitation Study to Address Erosion Hazards Threatening Infrastructure and Wilket Creek Geomorphic Systems Master Plan (hereon in referred to as the Master Plan) was completed as a Municipal Class Environmental Assessment (MCEA), the prescribed process for projects of this nature.

Toronto and Region Conservation Authority (TRCA) on behalf of the City of Toronto, completed the study to assess the geomorphic systems of the Wilket Creek subwatershed in order to develop a long-term strategy to address erosion hazards to municipal lands and infrastructure.

Between 2011 and 2015, emergency repairs at the three critical sites within Wilket Creek Park were carried out to safeguard municipal infrastructure while the overall strategy was being developed. The Master Plan was completed in March of 2015.

Planning Mechanism for the Undertaking

The project followed the planning and design process prescribed in the MCEA for Schedule “B” projects. The intent was to develop a Master Plan for long-term remediation of the entire watercourse.

The Class EA requirements for the development of a Master Plan are as follows:

  • Phase 1: Definition of the Problem(s);
  • Phase 2: Identification and Assessment of Alternative Solutions;

These phases identify the potential negative and positive effects of the implementation of the project and review a number of solutions. TRCA documented the decision making process and the value judgments made in selecting the best solution. A detailed Master Plan report was developed upon completion of the study; the report includes all background information, technical analyses, community involvement, a list of the solutions and the analysis of each.

The Master Plan was available for review and comments for a thirty-day period from February 19, 2015 to March 21, 2015 and remains in two libraries permanently for public review. These libraries are; The Locke Library at 3083 Yonge Street and the North York Civic Center at 5120 Yonge Street. The report is also available for download in sections at the bottom of this page.

The MCEA process prescribes that all views be taken into consideration during the planning and design phases of the project. A comprehensive contact list was comprised of concerned citizens, local interest groups, government agencies and non-governmental organizations. These groups received project information and provided comment as the project progressed. Public Information Centres were held to provide detailed information regarding the study, obtain feedback on the evaluation of alternative options and the development of long-term remedial measures, address any concerns and recommend long-term solutions prior to finalizing the study.

Public Notices

Public Information Meetings

  Master Plan Documents


Parish Aquatic Services. 2015. Wilket Creek Channel within Wilket Creek Park Rehabilitation Study to Address Erosion Hazards Threatening Infrastructure and Wilket Creek Geomorphic Systems Master Plan. Submitted to: Toronto and Region Conservation Authority and Toronto Water, City of Toronto.

Project Background

The Wilket Creek subwatershed of the Don River

Wilket Creek is a second order tributary to the West Don River, it has a drainage area of 15.5 km2. The northern portion of the channel south to York Mills Road was turned into a series of piped systems during the area’s development in the 1940s and 1950s. South of York Mills Road the creek is an open channel for approximately 4.5 km, ending at its confluence with the West Don River.

About 80% of the Don River watershed is urbanized and 100% of the Wilket Creek subwatershed is urbanized. The southern portion of Wilket Creek is one of the few remaining open channel tributaries in the Don River catchment area. Of the remaining open flow tributaries; Wilket Creek, Taylor Massey Creek and Burke Brook have sustained some of the longest and most dramatic hydrological changes due to urbanization in all of Southern Ontario.

Creeks under Stress

Wilket Creek has no major tributaries; it receives water from overland flow, drainage pipes, storm sewers and some ground water. The buried catchment area north of York Mills Road to Steeles is old and densely urbanized with few to no natural or stormwater management controls. As such, flows in the creek rise and fall rapidly following precipitation. This “flashy” nature of the watercourse results in destabilizing the natural system through excessive erosion. In order for the system to balance itself, rapid and precarious adjustments to the creek accommodate for the increased flows. Destabilizing adjustments to the watercourse can include:

  • increased cross sectional area of the channel
  • down-cutting into the channel bed
  • increased sediment loads due to the erosion
  • changes to typical channel characteristics such as meandering patterns
  • decreased quality and quantity of habitat
  • degraded water quality
  • loss of riparian vegetation (MOE, 2003)

Wilket Creek is experiencing all of the above types of watercourse degradation.

Erosion in Wilket Creek

Because of its rapid degradation a number of erosion control measures have been implemented in Wilket Creek over the years. Primarily, old fashioned, conventional engineering controls like hardened (concrete) beds and banks, rip rap, gabion baskets and armour stone have been used. These structures often exacerbate erosion downstream or around the structure itself. Additionally, the ecologic integrity of the system has suffered, severely degrading aquatic and riparian habitat in eroded areas.

In the late 1950’s the North York sanitary trunk sewer system was built within the Wilket Creek valley, crossing under the watercourse in several locations along its length. Where the watercourse and sanitary lines intersected, the pipe was encased in concrete. As result of creek destabilization there are multiple sites where the encasement was exposed, one site where the concrete has been eroded exposing the pipe, and a few locations where the pipe is exposed due to migration of the watercourse.

Exposed pipe and concrete encasement in wilket creek
Exposed pipe and concrete encasement in wilket creek. (Source: TRCA, 2012)

Other erosion hazards exist within the subwatershed including; degraded public walking paths, under-sized and degraded pedestrian bridges, outflanked manhole chimneys and increased riparian-tree hazards. Mitigating these hazards and preventing future hazards and further ecological degradation are the primary reasons for the ongoing work within the Park.


Ministry of Environment, Ontario (MOE). 2003.Ontario Ministry of Environment Stormwater Management Planning and Design Manual.

History of the Wilket Creek Rehabilitation Project

The Wilket Creek tributary of the West Don River was one of the watercourses that suffered a significant amount of damage as a result of the August 19, 2005 severe weather event. The City of Toronto retained TRCA in 2007 to manage, design and implement large-scale restoration works within Edwards Gardens and to complete 10 repair projects focused on infrastructure protection and public safety.

Shortly following completion of the Edwards Gardens restoration work, another severe storm event hit the Toronto area on June 23, 2008, damaging three of the sites recently repaired. It was evident by this point that a comprehensive study and rehabilitation plan was required to provide long-term protection for municipal infrastructure and public safety within Wilket Creek Park.

Post 2005 storm damage
Post 2005 storm damage. (Source: TRCA, 2005)

In 2009, Toronto Parks, Forestry & Recreation (PF&R) and Toronto Water identified multi-year funding commencing in 2010 for the completion of a Master Plan MCEA. TRCAs role was to manage the project on the City’s behalf, including the implementation of any works recommended.

Following an initial assessment by Parish Geomorphic, the consulting firm was retained by TRCA to assist with the study and design components of the project; three areas within Wilket Creek Park were identified as requiring immediate attention due to the risk to municipal infrastructure and/or public safety. These sites are referred to as Site 3, Site 6 and Site 7 in the Master Plan.

Map of all reaches and sub-project sites within Wilket Creek Park
Map of all reaches and sub-project sites within Wilket Creek Park. (Source: TRCA, 2015)

Given the anticipated length of time required to complete the study phase, the repair of Sites 3, 6 and 7 were recommended to be expedited as emergency works, with the understanding that the designs for these sites would be in alignment with the overall strategy in the Master Plan. Because of the scale of the proposed work, the emergency works were broken up into a number of phases to be undertaken within a 5 year plan. Emergency works repairs were completed in December of 2015.

Past Project Phases

Reach 1

Reach 1 Channel Improvements (Formerly Phase IV Emergency Works)

Reach 1 extends from the confluence of Wilket Creek with the West Don River upstream to the most southerly pedestrian bridge. The 480 metres (m) of watercourse that make up Reach 1 is broken up into three work sites: Site 1, Site 2 and Site 3 Phase 2.

For the past 2 years, TRCA and City of Toronto have been working within Reach 1 to protect sanitary and park infrastructure which was at risk due to erosion. The emergency works involved widening and re-aligning the creek to allow for greater flow capacity; bank and bed protection which will stabilize the creek and mitigate the erosive forces that are considered hazardous to Wilket Creek’s ecological integrity. Trail improvements were completed in the spring of 2016 and included raising the path elevation to decrease path flooding.

Reach 2

Reach 2 Channel Improvements

Reach 2 starts at the most southerly bridge in Wilket Creek Park and extends upstream 858 metres (m) to near the north park entrance from Leslie Street. The Reach is broken up into hazard areas known as: Site 3 Phase 1 (completed, formerly Phase III Emergency Works) and Site 4, Site 5 and Site 6 Phase 2 which are still pending.

Site 3 Phase 1 work was completed in 2013 and included the installation of a new 30 m pedestrian bridge, channel widening and re-alignment to move the watercourse away from the steep valley wall.

See Current Project Phases for Sites 4, 5 and 6 Phase 2 which are located in Reach 2 and currently in the planning stage.

Reach 3

Reach 3 Channel Improvements (Formerly Phase I & II Emergency Works)

Reach 3 begins near the northern park entrance off Leslie Street extending upstream 640 metres (m) to the southern limit of Edwards Gardens. The reach contains Sites 6 Phase 1, Site 7 and Site 8. Emergency works were completed in Sites 6 Phase 1 and Site 7 in 2011 to 2012 to repair erosion hazards to the sanitary infrastructure. At this time, channel improvements were implemented to widen and re-align the creek away from the eroding valley walls. A 30 m pedestrian bridge replaced an undersized and degraded wood bridge and a 60 m concrete boardwalk was added to allow for the natural re-generation of a wetland area.

Works in Site 8 are pending the availability of funding and not scheduled at this time.

Reach 4

Reach 4 Restoration Works

A number of improvements were completed in Edwards Gardens in 2006-2007 to repair areas degraded by the storm events of 2005 & 2006.

Repair work within the reach included; channel widening and stabilization, bridge replacements and park path improvements.

Proposed long-term improvements were recommended in the Master Plan and include; sanitary sewer protection, removal of weirs which act as fish barriers, further channel widening in constrained areas and replacement of existing gabion baskets with bioengineered bank stabilization.

Proposed improvements are pending the availability of funding and not scheduled at this time.

Current Project Phases

Reach 2

Reach 2 starts at the most southerly pedestrian bridge in Wilket Creek Park and extends upstream 858 metres (m) to near the north park entrance from Leslie Street. The Reach is broken up into hazard areas known as: Site 3 Phase 1, Site 4, Site 5 and Site 6 Phase 2. See the interactive map on the project’s main page for the location of Reach 2 (bright green) within the park.

Sites 4 and 5 are nearing completion of the planning stage with construction implementation tentatively scheduled for February of this year, work will take place on a priority basis taking into account risk to public safety, municipal infrastructure and risk to ecologically important tree stands.

Site 4 and 5 works will include the installation of a new, 25 m pedestrian bridge and the construction of sanitary infrastructure protection along the creek similar to what was done in Reach 1. Additionally, the watercourse will be moved away from the valley wall where mature tree loss and debris jamming are of concern. These works will be implemented in priority areas as approval and funding allows and is anticipated to begin in the winter of 2017 and continuing through the year.





See Completed Project Phases for the Site 3 Phase 1 work which is located in Reach 2 and completed in 2013

Future Project Phases

Reach 5

Reach 5 Erosion Control Work

Reach 5 is located north of Lawrence Avenue extending up stream to the first storm outfall draining stormwater run-off from Alderbrook Drive. The entire Reach 5 valley corridor is located on private properties. Historically, Reach 5 has experienced substantial erosion which has posed a serious risk to the sanitary trunk sewer that crosses the creek in multiple locations within the Reach.

In December of 2015, City of Toronto conducted interim emergency works in the creek to protect an exposed portion of the sanitary trunk sewer. Future, planned works include channel widening and re-alignment to further protect the sanitary trunk sewer where erosion has caused degradation, undercutting, and exposure of the pipe and pipe encasement. In addition, debris jamming has long been an issue in this reach, posing a flooding risk to homeowners near the Lawrence Avenue culvert; the channel improvements are anticipated to relieve this issue.

TRCA is currently in the planning stages of this work, including obtaining permits and approvals, collecting back ground data and reviewing preliminary designs. Implementation of works is not scheduled at this time and is pending the availability of funding.

Contact Us

The Planning Team is located at TRCA’s Waterfront Office in Scarborough:

Restoration and Infrastructure Division, Engineering Projects
1 Eastville Avenue
Scarborough, Ontario
M1M 2N5


Patricia Newland, Project Manager II

Marnie Shepley, Environmental Technician II